The World Underground: Exploring the Cu Chi Tunnels

From 1955 to 1975, Vietnam was in a total chaos. Fellow Vietnamese turned their backs against each other, finding allies through other countries who back up their beliefs. Bombs exploding everywhere and the sound of guns, a distant background through their everyday life. For decades, this is how the Vietnamese lived. Today, the remnants of the past became a monument of today’s governance and an uncanny tourist destination for curious visitors.

During my quick visit to Ho Chi Minh City, I decided to dedicate my day to explore the famous Cu Chi Tunnels. There are options wherein you can visit both Cu Chi Tunnels & Mekong Delta in one day, but since I don’t want to be too exhausted and too hurried during the trip, I decided to skip Mekong Delta and instead focus on just this destination.

Cu Chi Tunnels is a war memorial park in Vietnam, famous for its connecting underground tunnels that spread up to 40 kilometers. This used to be a refuge for Viet Cong fighters as they battled against Americans. Today, the tunnels pose as an adventurous destination for tourists, but during my visit, I could not stop myself from wondering how people lived underground for years. Being there was a mix of both fascination and heartbreak. Just thinking that people lived in such space where even breathing felt like a task was just unbelievable.


Cu Chi Tunnel Tour - Vietnam -

Before the tour proper begins, guests will be asked to sit inside a small hut for a short film viewing and briefing. The video was in black and white, reminiscent of old documentaries from the early years of television. It tells the story of the Cu Chi district — how a once vibrant town known for its rubber plantation and friendly occupants became the headquarters of the Viet Cong fighters. A short briefing from the tour guide also explained how the tunnels were built (fun fact: it’s built by hand! All 40 km. of it!) and how the system works. The tunnel complex served as a home, a hospital, and even an armory for the fighters during the war.

During the tour, you will be ushered around the jungle, giving you a small glimpse of what was a battlefield in the 1960s. This is only a part of what was once a fully functional headquarters as the tunnels sprawled throughout the area. Mind you, all the plants in this area are ‘new’ as Vietnam was heavily bombed during the war and this part was not spared.

Cu Chi Tunnel Tour - Vietnam -

One of the entrances to the tunnels, hidden in camouflage

The Cu Chi Tunnels is made of three levels, the first one around 3-4 meters deep. It was primarily used as a cover during attacks. It’s enough to withstand heavy types of machinery such as tanks and vehicles, which made it a perfect hiding spot for the fighters. The first level is also the place where tourists are asked to crawl through, as the size of the pathways are already renovated and made bigger to accommodate visitors. The second level is around 6-7 meters below the surface, where the common areas such as the hospital, sleeping quarters, armory, and kitchen can be found. Although this is already way below the surface, visitors are still given a chance to see some of it through sheds that the government dug up. This gave visitors a glimpse of what was underneath without needing to crawl through enclosed spaces. The last level of the tunnel complex is 8-10 meters below the surface and was mainly used as a quick escape from the enemies. It has a direct access to the Saigon River, where fighters can exit and get away from the battle scene. The third level was, of course, inaccessible for tourists. It’s too tight in this part of the tunnel and even the soldiers have a hard time moving around on the last level.

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One of the sample traps within the jungle

During the tour, you will also be introduced to the different types of booby traps used by the fighters. Most are made out of spikes and assured a slow, painful death for its unfortunate victim. They have a whole bunch of them — from land traps to those that are hanging from above the doorway — and just thinking about how it took the life of its victim made me feel a bit unpleasant. It must have been a really bad blood bath.

Cu Chi Tunnels - Vietnam -

Wide array of guns that you can try at the firing range

A quick stop at the firing range is also in order before the tunnel exploration. I opted not to fire a gun because it was out of budget (also, as I mentioned in another post, I was scammed and I spent most of my money because of that). The activity ranges from 40,000-50,000 VND per round/box of bullets. This was the only place in Vietnam where you can fire a gun as the country has strict policies on gun ownership and usage.

Cu Chi Tunnel Tour - Vietnam -

Entrance to the tunnel

Last, but definitely not the least, was the most awaited time to explore the tunnels. While this has already been refurbished to accommodate visitors, the place is still small and is not advisable for those who are afraid of enclosed spaces. It is important to note that people who have heart problems or asthma are not advised to crawl through the tunnel because the air is thin and it tends to be hot underground.

I was not the most courageous but I wanted to give it a shot. I didn’t worry as much since there were multiple exits (available every 10 meters) and you can easily get out if you feel like it’s too much. I didn’t finish it ’til the end and went out after a few meters because I started to feel afraid — it was dark, hot, and way too tight for me. I know I’m not claustrophobic but the tunnel was truly a different experience altogether. I could only imagine the lives of people who lived here — enduring everything just to fight and win the war. Anyway, it was truly an eye opening experience and I highly recommend this for everyone visiting Ho Chi Minh City.

Here’s a short video of my experience!



  • Take the tour in the morning. The Cu Chi Tunnels tour is usually offered as a half-day trip, and while you can always opt to explore the place in the afternoon, it can get a little hot to go around. Picking the earlier slot would give you more time to explore, especially because you’re not running against the park’s closing time.
  • Bring bottled water and some light snacks. Going around the jungle under the sun can be draining and it’s best if you’re armed with some light snacks and some water.
  • Bring an extra shirt. Vietnam is a tropical country and going around can make you sweaty. An extra shirt would come in handy.


Cost & Tour Packages

My tour was arranged by my hostel and cost me about $14 (318,000+ VND). This already includes a pick up the hostel and a drop off near the Benh Tanh Market. You can always book the tour online, though. Other tour coordinators offer a packaged trip to Cu Chi Tunnels and Mekong Delta. Make sure to always double check the inclusions to know if it’s value for your money. Also, be sure to double check feedback from others as well. 🙂


More of my Vietnam Trip

Ho Chi Minh City Guide

Scammed in Vietnam


12 thoughts on “The World Underground: Exploring the Cu Chi Tunnels

  1. I was just watching a documentary of Vietnam war last night. It was an eye opening look at the military and the casualties of war. I hope we never go through that again. It’s a very sad life for everyone especially the innocent people.

  2. Wow, I’ve never really seen these war tunnels in Vietnam even in TV before but I love history and I’m jealous you got to take a tour! Thanks for sharing with us! My professor once told me of her trip there and this post is a lot more interesting haha
    Can I ask how much as your budget to Vietnam? I’m planning to go abroad next year and I’m still surveying of what Asian country is the most budget-friendly 🙂

  3. It is great that you took some time to explored the Cu Chi Tunnels. The Vietnam War was a mess and people in Vietnam are still suffering from the consequences of the things that happened.

    I’ve seen the documentary of the underground people. It’s amazing how people were able to live in caves for such a long time to avoid the warzone. I’m glad you got an eye-opening experience out of this.

  4. I’ve never been here, but I’ve only seen photos of this tunnel from my parents and one of my sisters who have been here before. I would’ve tried going inside the tunnel din siguro. 🙂 Syempre for experience din, di ba? Kahit maliit ako di ko rin maimagine na makapagstay don ng matagal. 🙁 Anyway, thanks for the info and tips! Hear from you soon!

    Love, Airish
    Gorgeous Glance

    1. Vietnam has so much history! You should go visit if you have the chance. 🙂 It’s also very cheap there!

  5. Oh my!!! I tried crawling as well and unlike you where you can exit anywhere, we were asked which ones wanted to take the longest crawl and which wanted to do the short crawl etc and divided us. There were 4 of us who decided to take the 150 m crawl. I felt like I was in there for hours. There were climbs and slides and crawls, and I can’t even imagine having to do it while bombs are exploding outside. I would’ve probably died down there!

    1. I agree! It’s fascinating yet heartbreaking at the same time. Just imagine their pain living underground

  6. My husband and I never had the chance to visit the Cu Chi Tunnels when we were in Vietnam. But I’m planning to on our next visit. Learning about the history of Vietnam and how it regained its freedom was like reading pages and pages of such heartbreaking story. The Agent Orange got me the most. It affected, not just the Vietnamese during the war, but also some children in today’s generation. The mutation has been passed on. 🙁


  7. Oh wow! Vietnam sounds like a very fascinating place and the Cu Chi Tunnels even more so. Hearing about war stories always makes me really sad, especially thinking about the ways people’s lives are affected by it. It’s also amazing at how resourceful humans can be.

    The tour you took sounds really immersive! After hearing about the war, I imagine that actually experiencing the tunnels would make the experience that much more claustrophobic & scary.

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